GOP-led states sue to stop Biden’s CDC from scrapping Title 42 border policy

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GOP-led states sue to stop Biden's CDC from scrapping Title 42 border policy

Three GOP-led states have gone to court in a bid to stop the Biden administration from lifting the Trump-era Title 42 policy, claiming that ending the health order would cause a “self-inflicted calamity” ​by unleashing a surge of illegal immigration at the southern border. 

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Friday that it would end the policy allowing border officials to expel migrants who attempt to enter the US from a country where a communicable disease — such as COVID-19 — is present, effective May 23.

Title 42 was introduced in March 2020 as the Trump administration dealt with the onset of the coronavirus pandemic in the US.

“This suit challenges an imminent, man-made, self-inflicted calamity: the abrupt elimination of the only safety valve preventing this Administration’s disastrous border policies from devolving into an unmitigated chaos and catastrophe,” the GOP attorneys general of Arizona, Louisiana and Missouri wrote in the filing.

The suit was filed on Sunday in federal court in Louisiana.

Temporary agricultural workers (right) with H-2A work visas wait in line to cross the San Ysidro Port of Entry on their way to seasonal jobs in the United States on March 22, 2022 in Tijuana.
Temporary agricultural workers with H-2A work visas wait in line to cross the San Ysidro Port of Entry on their way to seasonal jobs in the United States on March 22, 2022 in Tijuana.
Mario Tama/Getty Images
Migrants caught crossing the US-Mexico border are loaded into a transport van by US Border Patrol agents in Sunland Park, New Mexico on July 22, 2021.
Migrants caught crossing the US-Mexico border are loaded into a transport van by US Border Patrol agents in Sunland Park, New Mexico on July 22, 2021.
PAUL RATJE/AFP via Getty Images

The ​Biden administration’s announced halt to Title 42 expulsions comes as hundreds of migrants travel north through Mexico, raising fears that a wave of up to 170,000 people might converge on the US border this spring, traditionally the peak period for crossings. 

“We want to stop the Biden administration from rescinding Title 42 because it may be one of the most boneheaded decisions of this administration, and they have done a lot of dumb things,” Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich ​told ​”​Fox & Friends” Monday.

​”I’m doing everything I can to hold the Biden administration accountable and stop them from destroying our southern border​,” he added. ​

Title 42 has been used to remove migrants more than 1.7 million times, according to the Migrant Policy Institute.

Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich called the removal of Title 42 "the most bonehead decision."
Arizona Attorney General Mark Brnovich called the removal of Title 42 “the most boneheaded decision.”
AP Photo/Bob Christie, File
Sen. Mark Kelly has also expressed his concern with the removal Title 42.
Sen. Mark Kelly has also expressed his concern with the removal of Title 42.
Greg Nash – Pool/Getty Images

Under the Trump administration, 83% of migrant encounters at the border led to expulsions, compared to just 55% under the Biden administration, the DC-based nonprofit think tank said.​

“​After considering current public health conditions and an increased availability of tools to fight COVID-19 (such as highly effective vaccines and therapeutics), the CDC Director has determined that an Order suspending the right to introduce migrants into the United States is no longer necessary​,” the CDC said in its Friday announcement that the policy would be scrapped. ​

Republican and Democratic lawmakers have called on the Biden administration to rethink halting the order because they fear the administration is unprepared for the onslaught of migration it would unleash. 

Under the Trump administration, 83% of migrant encounters at the border led to expulsions, compared to just 55% under the Biden administration.
Under the Trump administration, 83% of migrant encounters at the border led to expulsions, compared to just 55% under the Biden administration.
GUILLERMO ARIAS/AFP via Getty Images
Three GOP attorney generals from Arizona, Louisiana and Missouri filed a suite against the Biden administration for the removal of Title 42.
Three GOP attorney generals from Arizona, Louisiana and Missouri filed a suit against the Biden administration over the removal of Title 42.
REUTERS/Jose Luis Gonzalez

Reps. Henry Cuellar and Vincente Gonzalez — both Texas Democrats — and a dozen Republican lawmakers from the Lone Star State wrote to Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas and Health and Human Services Secretary Xavier Becerra March 29 after reports first circulated that the end of Title 42 was imminent.

“We understand that this legal authority is temporary and tied to the COVID-19 public health emergency, but DHS appears unprepared to handle a likely unprecedented increase in apprehensions along the southwest border,” ​the Texans wrote in the letter.

Sens. Kyrsten Sinema and Mark Kelly, both Democrats from Arizona, and Sen. Joe Manchin, a Democrat from West Virginia, also wrote letters last week expressing similar concerns. 

Migrants rest in a dormitory of the Good Samaritan shelter in Juarez, Mexico, March 29, 2022.
Migrants rest in a dormitory of the Good Samaritan shelter in Juarez, Mexico, March 29, 2022.
AP Photo/Christian Chavez, File

The suit from the three states noted that while the administration wants to revoke Title 42, it has “not seen fit elsewhere to act upon these improvements” in the pandemic situation by lifting mask mandates on domestic airline travel, loosening or repealing vaccination mandates, or ending what the AGs call a “relentless campaign” to discharge members of the military seeking religious exemptions for vaccine requirements. 

​”​The Title 42 Revocation thus stands as a radical outlier​ ​—​ ​seemingly the only COVID-19-based restriction the Administration sees fit to end​,” the filing says.

The lawsuit also claims the CDC’s termination of Title 42 is illegal both because it violates the “notice-and-comments requirements” contained in the federal Administrative Procedure Act, and because it is “arbitrary and capricious” by failing to take into account how it will affect the states. 

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