Make Money Taking Paid Online Surveys :

People perform surveys and research to collect essential data. As you know, the different methods of conducting surveys have been used since time immemorial. Every year, there are new techniques in conducting surveys that are introduced to the public. However, not all of them have been proven to be effective. Today, people can do surveys which saves time, money and effort. This is where online surveys come in.
Now you should know that the participants of such online surveys can make money out of it. When this was first made public, nobody believed it. Subsequently, there are a lot of individuals today that take online surveys to earn some cash. You should know the different advantages that paid online surveys can give to its payees so that you may decide whether you would like to do it or not.
Does Not Require Anything Fancy
An internet connection is one indispensable requirement when taking online surveys. Apart from that, you will only need to spend at least 5 minutes of your time. Therefore, you are not required to be an honor student to take them. You simply answer questions with yes or no and in some instances, you will need to give your personal opinion, nothing more, and nothing less.
Convenient Way of Earning Cash
As you know, there are lots of ways where you can use if you want to earn money. Conversely, it is now known to everyone that one of the easiest ways is to take online paid surveys. You merely have to spend some time in front of the computer, and voila, you will make good money. Instead of engaging in the different money making methods, you can take these surveys.
Multi-Tasking Possibilities
When you take paid online surveys, you will see that you can do multiple surveys to maximize your earning possibility. In case you do this, you will be assured that you can earn as much as you want per day. In contrast, you can do your household chores while you are taking these surveys.

List of Sites where you can make money by filling surveys

In addition to the preceding, you will not be needed to complete the survey. This is the main reason behind people’s love of taking these kinds of surveys online. Therefore, if you want to make some money during your free time, you can engage in taking paid surveys online. They offer convenience and most of all fast cash.

Related Posts

  1. Can Kids Make Money ?
  2. Make Money Online by Completing Free Offers
  3. Make Money Online by Contributing to the Mylot Community
  4. Successful Ways And Tips To Make Money Online
  5. Free ways to make money online

Best Keyboard Shortcuts

Getting used to using your keyboard exclusively and leaving your mouse behind will make you much more efficient at performing any task on any Windows system. I use the following keyboard shortcuts every day:

 

Keyboard Shortcuts

[Alt] and [Esc] Switch between running applications

[Alt] and letter Select menu item by underlined letter

[Ctrl] and [Esc] Open Program Menu

[Ctrl] and [F4] Close active document or group windows (does not work with some applications)

[Alt] and [F4] Quit active application or close current window

[Alt] and [-] Open Control menu for active document

Ctrl] Lft., Rt. arrow Move cursor forward or back one word

Ctrl] Up, Down arrow Move cursor forward or back one paragraph

[F1] Open Help for active application

Windows+M Minimize all open windows

Shift+Windows+M Undo minimize all open windows

Windows+F1 Open Windows Help

Windows+Tab Cycle through the Taskbar buttons

Windows+Break Open the System Properties dialog box

acessability shortcuts

Right SHIFT for eight seconds…….. Switch FilterKeys on and off.

Left ALT +left SHIFT +PRINT SCREEN……. Switch High Contrast on and off.

Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK……. Switch MouseKeys on and off.

SHIFT……. five times Switch StickyKeys on and off.

NUM LOCK…… for five seconds Switch ToggleKeys on and off.

explorer shortcuts

END……. Display the bottom of the active window.

HOME……. Display the top of the active window.

NUM LOCK+ASTERISK……. on numeric keypad (*) Display all subfolders under the selected folder.

NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN……. on numeric keypad (+) Display the contents of the selected folder.

NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN……. on numeric keypad (-) Collapse the selected folder.

LEFT ARROW…… Collapse current selection if it’s expanded, or select parent folder.

RIGHT ARROW……. Display current selection if it’s collapsed, or select first subfolder.

Type the following commands in your Run Box (Windows Key + R) or Start Run

devmgmt.msc = Device Manager
msinfo32 = System Information
cleanmgr = Disk Cleanup
ntbackup = Backup or Restore Wizard (Windows Backup Utility)
mmc = Microsoft Management Console
excel = Microsoft Excel (If Installed)
msaccess = Microsoft Access (If Installed)
powerpnt = Microsoft PowerPoint (If Installed)
winword = Microsoft Word (If Installed)
frontpg = Microsoft FrontPage (If Installed)
notepad = Notepad
wordpad = WordPad
calc = Calculator
msmsgs = Windows Messenger
mspaint = Microsoft Paint
wmplayer = Windows Media Player
rstrui = System Restore
netscp6 = Netscape 6.x
netscp = Netscape 7.x
netscape = Netscape 4.x
waol = America Online
control = Opens the Control Panel
control printers = Opens the Printers Dialog

Other shortcuts:

Windows key + E = Explorer

ALT + Tab = Switch between windows

ALT, Space, X = Maximize window

CTRL + Shift + Esc = Task Manager

Windows key + Break = System properties

Windows key + F = Search

Windows key + D = Hide/Display all windows

CTRL + C = copy

CTRL + X = cut

CTRL + V = paste

Also don’t forget about the “Right-click” key next to the right Windows key on your keyboard. Using the arrows and that key can get just about anything done once you’ve opened up any program.

Internet browser

type in u’re adress “google”, then press [Right CTRL] and [Enter]
add www. and .com to word and go to it

For Windows XP:

Copy. CTRL+C
Cut. CTRL+X
Paste. CTRL+V
Undo. CTRL+Z
Delete. DELETE
Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin. SHIFT+DELETE
Copy selected item. CTRL while dragging an item
Create shortcut to selected item. CTRL+SHIFT while dragging an item
Rename selected item. F2
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word. CTRL+RIGHT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word. CTRL+LEFT ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph. CTRL+DOWN ARROW
Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph. CTRL+UP ARROW
Highlight a block of text. CTRL+SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Select more than one item in a window or on the desktop, or select text within a document. SHIFT with any of the arrow keys
Select all. CTRL+A
Search for a file or folder. F3
View properties for the selected item. ALT+ENTER
Close the active item, or quit the active program. ALT+F4
Opens the shortcut menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR
Close the active document in programs that allow you to have multiple documents open simultaneously. CTRL+F4
Switch between open items. ALT+TAB
Cycle through items in the order they were opened. ALT+ESC
Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop. F6
Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer. F4
Display the shortcut menu for the selected item. SHIFT+F10
Display the System menu for the active window. ALT+SPACEBAR
Display the Start menu. CTRL+ESC
Display the corresponding menu. ALT+Underlined letter in a menu name
Carry out the corresponding command. Underlined letter in a command name on an open menu
Activate the menu bar in the active program. F10
Open the next menu to the right, or open a submenu. RIGHT ARROW
Open the next menu to the left, or close a submenu. LEFT ARROW
Refresh the active window. F5
View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer. BACKSPACE
Cancel the current task. ESC
SHIFT when you insert a CD into the CD-ROM drive Prevent the CD from automatically playing.

Use these keyboard shortcuts for dialog boxes:

To Press
Move forward through tabs. CTRL+TAB
Move backward through tabs. CTRL+SHIFT+TAB
Move forward through options. TAB
Move backward through options. SHIFT+TAB
Carry out the corresponding command or select the corresponding option. ALT+Underlined letter
Carry out the command for the active option or button. ENTER
Select or clear the check box if the active option is a check box. SPACEBAR
Select a button if the active option is a group of option buttons. Arrow keys
Display Help. F1
Display the items in the active list. F4
Open a folder one level up if a folder is selected in the Save As or Open dialog box. BACKSPACE

If you have a Microsoft Natural Keyboard, or any other compatible keyboard that includes the Windows logo key and the Application key , you can use these keyboard shortcuts:

Display or hide the Start menu. WIN Key
Display the System Properties dialog box. WIN Key+BREAK
Show the desktop. WIN Key+D
Minimize all windows. WIN Key+M
Restores minimized windows. WIN Key+Shift+M
Open My Computer. WIN Key+E
Search for a file or folder. WIN Key+F
Search for computers. CTRL+WIN Key+F
Display Windows Help. WIN Key+F1
Lock your computer if you are connected to a network domain, or switch users if you are not connected to a network domain. WIN Key+ L
Open the Run dialog box. WIN Key+R
Open Utility Manager. WIN Key+U

accessibility keyboard shortcuts:

Switch FilterKeys on and off. Right SHIFT for eight seconds
Switch High Contrast on and off. Left ALT+left SHIFT+PRINT SCREEN
Switch MouseKeys on and off. Left ALT +left SHIFT +NUM LOCK
Switch StickyKeys on and off. SHIFT five times
Switch ToggleKeys on and off. NUM LOCK for five seconds
Open Utility Manager. WIN Key+U

shortcuts you can use with Windows Explorer:

Display the bottom of the active window. END
Display the top of the active window. HOME
Display all subfolders under the selected folder. NUM LOCK+ASTERISK on numeric keypad (*)
Display the contents of the selected folder. NUM LOCK+PLUS SIGN on numeric keypad (+)
Collapse the selected folder. NUM LOCK+MINUS SIGN on numeric keypad (-)
Collapse current selection if it’s expanded, or select parent folder. LEFT ARROW
Display current selection if it’s collapsed, or select first subfolder. RIGHT ARROW

How Cloning a Mac Hard Drive Benefits the Users

Cloning a hard drive simply means creating an exact copy of hard drive; the copy consists of all contents of the drive. Now, imagine a situation when you are working on a Macintosh computer system and all of a sudden OS or hard drive crashes. In such situations, cloning the hard drive is the best solution. If you are an aware user, backing up the data must be your priority. Data backup includes cloning as an important backup plan, which also benefits when your system software, applications etc. get corrupt.

Mac-Hard-Disk-Logo

As mentioned above, the term ‘clone’ is typically referred to backing up the boot drive of a computer system, which is indeed one of the most important tasks. Below is a closer look at the advantages of cloning hard drive on a Mac based computer system:

Backup the Entire System

Cloning helps you keep a copy of your computer system that clearly implies that you are taking a functional backup of your system. The backup includes OS files, structure of partition table and the home directories. Apart from this, you can use the clone copy as boot drive because it is a replica of Hard Drive of your Mac computer. To do this, you need to plug in the Clone Drive and during boot-up, keep the ‘Options’ key pressed. Cloning differs from the conventional backup systems (for example, Time Machine) that keep more than one versions of files, whereas cloning creates a single copy of files on disk.

Test and Troubleshoot the Problems

With the help of the Clone Drive, you can perform the testing of new software, their updates and applications before their installation on your Mac system. Moreover, if there are issues with the system, you can troubleshoot them by booting off the Clone.

Stay in Touch with your Work

Not surprisingly, you could face problems with the Hard Drive that may lead to its corruption or failure. Subsequently, your work may grind to the halt for hours or days. To prevent such situation, you can boot off the Clone Drive to get back to your tasks.

As a frequent Mac user, you must know that your Mac computer offers an inbuilt utility named ‘Disk Utility’ to clone the Hard Drive. However, the method to use the utility requires a sound understanding, and you might not find it easy to perform the task.

Not to worry! In this case, you can use a commercial software program that facilitates cloning in an easy way. These software are written by Mac experts using comprehensive algorithms. Moreover, you can also image a hard drive on Mac system using such application. Imaging the Hard Drive includes creating image of any volume or the entire Hard Drive in order to restore the data if data loss occurs.

Create a Captcha with PHP

We’re going to learn how how CAPTCHA (CompletelyAutomated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart) works and how it minimizes automatic sign-up of forms. We will also be creating a simple CAPTCHA script in PHP to illustrate this.

Basically CAPTCHA works in the following manner:

  1. Create Random Value: Some random string is generated, random values are often hard to guess and predict.
  2. Generate an Image: Images are used as these are generally a lot harder to read for computers while being nice and readable to humans. This is also the most important step as simple text in images can be read (and CAPTCHA cracked) quite easily. To make it difficult for them, developers employ different techniques so that the text in the image becomes hard to read for computers. Some create zig-zag lines for background while others twist-and-turn individual characters in the image. Possibilities are many and new techniques are being developed all the time as crackers are always into finding ways to break them.
  3. Store it: The random string generated (which is also in the image) is stored for matching the user input. The easiest way to do so is to use the Session variables.
  4. Matching: After the above step, the CAPTCHA image is generated and shown on some form which we want to protect from being abused. The users fills in the form along with the CAPTCHA text and submits it. Now we have the following:
    1. All submitted form data.
    2. CAPTCHA string (from form), input by user.
    3. CAPTCHA string (real one, generated by us), from session variable. Session variable is generally used as it can keep stored values across page requests. Here, we needed to preserve stored values from one page (form page) to another (action page-that receives form data).
  5. If both match, it’s okay otherwise not, in that case we can give the user a message that the CAPTCHA they had entered was wrong and their form could not be submitted. You could also ask them to verify it again.

The following image might illustrates this better:

CAPTCHA Generation and Matching

CAPTCHA Generation and Matching

From the above image it’s quite clear that when someone requests the form page, the CAPTCHA text is generated and sent back to requesting user, but only in the form of an image. If the requester is a human he’d not have much difficulty reading the image and inputting the text when asked but if it’s a bot it might face difficulties guessing whats in the image. In the next step when we match the string generated and the one the user had input, we can restrict automated form submissions.

The following is the code that does this, it’ll just output the CAPTCHA image to the browser when the script is requested:

Awesome Content Curation Tools

Have you been ever stuck finding the most accurate content related to your search criteria? Do you think content should be compiled in a way that enables you to find the right piece of information over internet without having to waste time reading the unwanted information? Yes, Content Curation is the answer to your query. This enables you to swim across the ocean of websites over internet and reach the right direction via filtering online content based on the subject of information. This is usually inform of status updates, tweets, articles and more. Listed here are some great Content Curation tools that might come handy for you anytime anywhere.

content-dictionary1. Digg

Sharing news of interest within your own community is all about Digg. This social networking platform allows you to share content with a specific group who can then rank your content value In this process, the higher the rate or ranking of your content, greater are the views you receive. This results in increased clicks or higher site traffic. For instance, as an e-commerce related content, your information will fall under either business or technology. And if you happen to chose a different and specific classification for your content, undoubtedly you would increase your site’s relevance as a tool for social media.

2. Equentia

Reaching your target audience and influencing your prospects and current clients with all the information that is useful and engaging is all synonymous to Equentia. You can dig the most relevant information and flesh out the most crisp and pertinent content as per your requirement. Equentia also helps you socialize the same content by allowing you to re-publish or use it privately.

3. Technorati

The world of internet is full of bloggers and Technorati is their friend. It is a blog search engine to serve as a content purifier. It is a directory that scans and indexes content from over a million blogs. Technorati was founded in 2002 and was the first among social networking platforms like Facebook and Twitter. In case you are the one who wants to be included in Technorati’s information bank, you will have to create an account and submit the blog’s website address. You can create a personal profile and use this tool to ignite the social media. It helps you to become critical and relevant amongst your readership.

Conclusion

Remember you should exploit the content curation tools to benefit you directly. The ideal curation solution can be achieved when you actually index your information into your private CMS. This way your traffic is not diverted to a third party site however your searchers stay and view your own site. There are more tools like Sphinn, BizSugar, PaperLi among many more who can help you get organized on this online bank of information. You need to find the most appropriate way to filter information to suit your needs in your own special way. Share socially for increased social capital.

Snow Theme Website design with Photoshop

Get your Photoshop on and follow this step by step tutorial of building a snowboarding themed website layout. The design we’ll be creating takes inspiration from the typical style of the snowboarding culture, with grungy textures and distressed brush marks adding detail to the design. We’ll start by producing a core grid to base the design elements on, then use a mix of photography and Photoshop manipulation to create a concept web design for a fictional brand named ‘Snow Candy’.

 

Snowboard themed website design

Ideas, Research and Sketches

A good place to start any design project is in your sketchbook. Before opening up Photoshop, I took the time to jot down some keywords and create a brand persona for Snow Candy. The website would aim to present a few key elements of information such as upcoming events, latest video and focus areas that could send the user deeper into the website. I then sketched out a potential layout that balanced out the page elements, and outlined my idea of using a large header graphic to catch and draw in the viewer’s attention.

Creating an underlying grid

Using a grid to base your design on is one of the core design principles that helps bring out balance and cohesion in your designs. This particular design is based on a simple 12 column layout making up a total width of 970px, and a uses a baseline of 24px;

A useful tool for generating a grid for your design is the Grid System Generator, where you can create a template and steal the handy pink column graphic to paste it into Photoshop! To create a baseline, create a 24x24px document in Photoshop, and draw a single pixel line across the bottom. Go to Edit > Define Pattern, then in your main document fill a black layer with this pattern to give a baseline template to set your text and page items to.

Let’s shred the gnar!

With the page template ready to rock, let’s get on with some creative Photoshop work. Start by filling the background with a light blue (#b9d2f8), then add a gradient spanning from a dark blue (#02357a) at the top through to a mid blue (#295ba6) then blending out to the #b9d2f8 background colour.

Head over to Bittbox and download one of the awesome noir grunge textures. Paste the texture into the document and scale down in size. Also change the blending mode to Luminosity and drop the opacity to 25%.

Add a layer mask to the texture, then use a large soft brush to blend out the texture so that it spans from the top center of the document. Black paint renders the area invisible while white represents the visible portions of the mask.

With Snow Candy being a fictional brand, we can quickly throw together a cool logo that fits into the overall style we’re aiming for. Download the flowing Black Rose font and set out the words in lower case. Remember to make the most of your grid by scaling and positioning the logo in relation to the columns and baseline.

Rough up the logo a little by adding a layer mask and brushing over it with some grungy Photoshop brushes. I’m using my paint stroke brushes that are available for download from Blog.SpoonGraphics. Set the opacity of the brush to 10% then slowly build up the layers of distress.

To draw focus to the logo add a soft and subtle drop shadow, then draw a white radial gradient on a new layer. Set the layer style to Overlay and move into position behind the logo. Once in place tone down the effect by dropping the opacity to 50%.

Type out a simple navigation list to the right of the logo, following on the same baseline. Use a widely available font such as Helvetica or Arial to allow the text to be rendered in HTML when coded up for real.

Create a visual clue to highlight the active menu item by adding a small brush stroke in white behind the navigation text. Reduce the opacity to keep the white text legible.

Draw a large content area that spans the whole 970px width and fill with white.

Reduce the opacity of the content area to 30%, and add a very subtle drop shadow. Alter the distance and spread to 0px, while setting the size to 10px. Drop the opacity down to 25% to maintain a subtle shading effect.

One of the main features of the design is a large heading that holds a Snowboarding action shot. This area could be used as a rotating slideshow of featured content on the final website build, but for now, we’ll just mockup one of these features. Paste in, rotate and scale a photograph. This particular shot can be found on SXC.

Add some design tweaks to the shot by dabbing some vibrant spots of colour over the image. Choose a bright pink, blue and yellow and paint them onto a layer above the photograph.

Set this colour layer to Overlay and set the opacity to 35%. The result is a subtle colour shift that spices up the photograph.

Use a range of Photoshop brushes to draw a rough border around the shot. Paint the brush marks in black, then change the blending mode to Overlay to allow the colours to interact.

Painting brush strokes on a couple of layers will also allow each layer to overlap, creating more depth and interest as different levels of transparency appear.

Next, we’ll create a creative typographic layout for some event details. Here I’m manipulating the text in Illustrator for ease, but there’s no real reason to move out of Photoshop. Use guides to aid the alignment of all the words.

A few snowboading vector graphics can be sourced from FreeVectors.net that help add the finishing touches to the styling of the event information.

Paste the text into the main web design document and scale into place. Position the words between the columns and lay it perfectly on the baseline grid.

Underneath this main feauture header the secondary content can appear. Use headers to create clear visual anchors to attract the eye and give immediate regonition of the content. Manipulate the text with tight tracking and lowercase appearance, and draw some small icons with the pencil and eraser tools to back up the wording with a visual clue.

A mockup of the featured video can be created with another Snowboarding action shot. Add a grungey border using the rough Photoshop brushes.

On a new layer, draw a circular mask and fill with black. Draw a triangle using the Polygonal Lasso Tool to represent the play icon, then delete this shape out of the circle. Drop the opacity to allow the video content to show through.

To the right of the video will be a short list of upcoming events. Write out the title and back this up with an icon. Zoom right in to adjust the finest details of the icon.

Set out the event information with style. Use a range of font sizes to create a hierarchy of importance.

When laying out the content, especially the text, remember to base everything on the baseline grid. With our baseline being 24px, use a line height of 24px on all paragraphs. Finish off the content area with the desired number of elements, and end each section with an anchor that links through to deeper levels of the website.

Below this content, we’ll lay out some elements that span the width of both columns. Lay out some portrait shots to build up the Meet the Team section. Add a small white stroke and subtle drop shadow to give the appearance of a tactile photographs.

Rotate each portrait shot to give the impression of a collection of photographs that have been roughly placed on the page.

Continue the casual theme of the design by typing out the names of each team member in a hand-drawn font.

To finish off the design, copy a selection of the texture used in the header area. Move it into position behind the lower portion of the content panel.

Alter the layer style and opacity to tone down the effect and blend the colours toghether, then use a layer mask to allow the texture to peek out from the center of the panel.

Snowboard themed website design

The visual concept is complete! The blue colour scheme helps tap into the coolness of the snowboarding scene, while the mix of textures and distressed brush strokes add some gnarliness that relates well to the culture and lifestyle of extreme sports in general.

Surreal, Abstract, Metallic Text Effect

With this tutorial, we will show you how to create a unique, Surreal and Abstract Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop, step by step. This tutorial involves some steps which are a little tricky, but then, who said Photoshop was easy! ;)

The objective of this tutorial is to show how can you manipulate texture/stock image with layer masks and blending options to create an eye candy with special effect. Also we will show you how to use adjustment layer to add colours in the end.

Required Resources:

Step 1

Create a new document sized 800px * 1040px with black background. Create a new layer and use the space brush to paint a background pattern, compress it down and set some perspective to it as shown below:

1 persp1 500x676 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Create a new layer and further add some space pattern, reduce the layer opacity to around 80% and use a soft eraser to erase the centre portion as shown below:

Hint: by performing the above two things, we added some depth to the image and get ready for adding the text in the following step.

1 paint1 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Let’s add some simple light effect – create a new layer and use a big white brush to paint a dot light as shown below:

1 paint light 500x414 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Use a soft eraser with smaller brush size than the dot light, erase the top right part of the dot as shown below:

1 erase2 500x359 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Duplicate this layer and rotate the duplicated layer 180 degrees, you will have the following effect:

1 effect1 500x656 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Step 2

We can now work on the letter. Type a letter on the centre of the canvas, as shown below:

2 type1 500x633 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Load the “metal texture 1″ image into Photoshop. Then load this text layer selection and move it to the metal texture, copy and paste it back onto our text:

2 sel2 500x344 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Turn off the original text layer, and you will have the following effect:

2 paste2 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Open up the liquify filter, grab the forward warping tool and make sure you enable “Show Backdrop” and use the following setting: (this will make the background visible, easier to apply the liquify effect)

2 liquid sest Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Go crazy with the liquify tool, add some flowing effect around the text edges as shown below:

2 liq 500x595 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Then erase the following area with the a soft eraser:

2 erase Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Step 3

We can now apply some adjustments layers on the metal texture as clipping mask:

Black and White

3 bw2 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Levels

3 lv Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Curves

3 curves Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Then use the Lasso Tool with 30px feather, draw a selection on the following area:

3 sel 500x370 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Then add another Levels adjustment layer as clipping mask: (this will darken the Lasso Selection)

3 levels Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Render or paint some cloud (with cloud or smoke brush, plenty of them on the internet) around the text to add dramatic effect:

3 cloud 500x583 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Step 4

We can now add some small metal particles into the image – load the “metal texture 2″ image into Photoshop and use the quick selection tool to select a few small pieces on the image:

4 quick sel 500x348 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Copy and paste the selection onto our document, erase the edges to blend those small pieces into the main text:

4 erase1 500x346 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Duplicate the selection a few times, attach them to different parts of the text, as shown below:

4 dup 500x532 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Merge the duplicated layers and apply the following black and white adjustments to it:

4 bw1 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

and here is the effect so far:

4 effect2 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

You can also further duplicate this metal texture layer a few more times, resize them to small scale and move them around the text, as shown below:

4 small part 500x618 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Step 5

To add some extra effect, I decided to use the Pen Tool to draw some red lines around the text. So let’s use the Pen Tool to draw a work path as shown below:

5 draw path 500x431 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Prior to stroking the path, go to the brush panel and set the brush size to 3px, hardness 95%, red colour as shown below:

5 colour 500x397 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Then go back to select the Pen Tool, right-click and choose “Stroke Path”:

5 stroke 500x389 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Stroke this path with the following settings:

5 stroke brush 500x272 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

and you will have the following effect:

5 effect1 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Duplicate this line layer a few more times and resize each duplicated layer and rotate them, attach the lines to different part of the text:

5 effect 2 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

You can also mix some yellow lines via adjusting the Colour Hue, in order to add some variety on the text:

5 yellow 500x255 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Step 6

OK we’re almost done! For some final retouches, we can flatten the image and apply the following Smart Sharpen filter to the image to sharpen the text a bit:

6 smart sha 500x317 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

To add some colour effect to image, I apply the following image adjustment layers to the image:

Selective Color

6 sel red Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

6 sel white Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

6 sel neu Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Curves

6 curves Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

Brightness and Contrast

6 bc Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

I then further added some slight colour adjustment and here is the final effect I have: (click to enlarge)

metal text flatten 500x650 Design Abstract Surreal Text Effect with Metal Texture in Photoshop

That’s it for this tutorial! Hope you enjoy it and find it useful! Don’t forget to share!

Better Photography with your iPhone

Nowadays, Apple’s iPhone is considered as one of the most popular smartphone. More than its sleek, elegant design, smartphone users choose the iPhone because of its functionality. One of the best features of the iPhone is its ability to take quality photos and videos. In this article, we will tackle 13 tips that will enhance the quality of photos taken from your iPhone.

Iphone Photography1. Clean the Lens

People would commonly put their iPhones inside their bags or pockets. So, before taking any photos make sure that the lens of your camera is clear from any traces of dusts and fingerprints. Having a lens covered with dusts and fingerprints will affect the clarity and over-all quality of your photos.

2. Adjust the Settings According to Your Preference

Always remember that your iPhone already has built-in settings and modes that can aid you in taking pictures that will turn-out to be just the way you like them to be taken. Read the manual and maximize the use of your iPhone camera’s built-in features.

Iphone stand3. Try to Find an iPhone Stand

Keep in mind that it takes a few seconds for the iPhone to process shots into photos. If your hands are having a difficult time in staying still at a certain position position for around ten seconds, it is highly advisable for you to use an iPhone stand when taking photos. This will prevent your pictures from looking blurry because of slight hand movements while waiting for your shot to be processed.

4. Learn When to Use Flash

It is not wise to always activate your camera’s flash. There are only particular situations wherein taking shots with an enabled flash is advisable. Only turn on the flash when taking photos in broad daylight and utter darkness. Don’t use flash when taking photos of people, glasses, still objects, and events.

5. Refrain from Using the Zoom Function

If you want to take a good shot of something, move as close to it as you can before taking a shot. Don’t settle with taking a shot at a far distance by utilizing the zoom function because this will greatly compromise the quality of your photo by making it look grainy.

instagram6. Take Advantage of Apps

Oftentimes, the iPhone’s built-in features have limitations; but don’t fret, because the downloadable apps can make up for their insufficiencies. For instance, the TrueHDR is a good complement to the HDR feature of the iPhone.

7. The Rule of Thirds

The Rule of Thirds is one of the most basic techniques in photography. Luckily, the iPhone has a built-in function – the Grid Option – to help you take better shots. Once you have enabled the option, simply position your subject along the lines for maximum results.

8. Use HDR

Another great built-in feature of the iPhone is the HDR or High Dynamic Range. This feature allows you to take high-quality photos by putting together three photos taken in different modes into a singular picture with just one shot.

9.Position Your Subject

Every photo has a subject. As the photographer, it is up to you on how you wish to portray the subject in your photo. Experiment with different angles and position your subject properly to capture the best shot possible.

10. Find Good Lighting

Regardless of the technology that you are using for taking photos, lightning is an essential aspect of photography that must never be forgotten. Make sure that when taking photos with your iPhone, you have sufficient light to enable you to capture a visible subject. For best results, take photos with your iPhone when outdoors where sunlight is present.

iphone lens11. Buy Extra Lenses

If you are really serious with taking exceptional photos with your iPhone, it is highly encouraged that you buy magnetic wide lenses that can be attached to your iPhone. These lenses will help you take better quality shots and help you overcome the limitations of your iPhone’s built-in lenses.

12. Edit Your Photos

To enhance the pictures you have taken, you may want to edit your photos. Using available apps or any photo-editing software, you may enhance a photo by changing the color, tone, lighting, resolution, and many more.

13. It is a Camera: Treat it Like One

Your iPhone camera is not much different from the traditional camera you have always known. Therefore, treat it like one buy holding it as if you are holding a camera. Use your two hands and hold it firmly.

Read More : Sana Dalawa Ang Puso

The iPhone in itself already has the capacity to take great photos. Follow the aforementioned tips and you are well on your way to become a professional photographer by simply using the camera of your iPhone.

QuickSort algorithm, code for Java, C++

Quicksort is a fast sorting algorithm, which is used not only for educational purposes, but widely applied in practice. On the average, it has O(n log n) complexity, making quicksort suitable for sorting big data volumes. The idea of the algorithm is quite simple and once you realize it, you can write quicksort as fast as bubble sort.

Algorithm

The divide-and-conquer strategy is used in quicksort. Below the recursion step is described:

  1. Choose a pivot value. We take the value of the middle element as pivot value, but it can be any value, which is in range of sorted values, even if it doesn’t present in the array.
  2. Partition. Rearrange elements in such a way, that all elements which are lesser than the pivot go to the left part of the array and all elements greater than the pivot, go to the right part of the array. Values equal to the pivot can stay in any part of the array. Notice, that array may be divided in non-equal parts.
  3. Sort both parts. Apply quicksort algorithm recursively to the left and the right parts.

Partition algorithm in detail

There are two indices i and j and at the very beginning of the partition algorithm i points to the first element in the array andj points to the last one. Then algorithm moves i forward, until an element with value greater or equal to the pivot is found. Index j is moved backward, until an element with value lesser or equal to the pivot is found. If i ≤ j then they are swapped and i steps to the next position (i + 1), j steps to the previous one (j – 1). Algorithm stops, when i becomes greater than j.

After partition, all values before i-th element are less or equal than the pivot and all values after j-th element are greater or equal to the pivot.

Example. Sort {1, 12, 5, 26, 7, 14, 3, 7, 2} using quicksort.

Quick Sort at Work


N
otice, that we show here only the first recursion step, in order not to make example too long. But, in fact, {1, 2, 5, 7, 3} and {14, 7, 26, 12} are sorted then recursively.

Why does it work?

On the partition step algorithm divides the array into two parts and every element a from the left part is less or equal than every element b from the right part. Also a and b satisfy a ≤ pivot ≤ b inequality. After completion of the recursion calls both of the parts become sorted and, taking into account arguments stated above, the whole array is sorted.

Complexity analysis

On the average quicksort has O(n log n) complexity, but strong proof of this fact is not trivial and not presented here. In worst case, quicksort runs O(n2) time, but on the most “practical” data it works just fine and outperforms other O(n log n) sorting algorithms.

Code snippets

Partition algorithm is important per se, therefore it may be carried out as a separate function. The code for C++ contains solid function for quicksort, but Java code contains two separate functions for partition and sort, accordingly.
JAVA

C/C++

Graphics in Turbo C/C++

Turbo C has a good collection of graphics libraries. If you know the basics of C, you can easily learn graphics programming. To start programming, let us write a small program that displays a circle on the screen.

    To run this program, you need graphics.h header file, graphics.lib library file and Graphics driver (BGI file) in the program folder. These files are part of Turbo C package. In all our programs we used 640×480 VGA monitor. So all the programs are according to that specification. You need to make necessary changes to your programs according to your screen resolution. For VGA monitor, graphics driver used is EGA.BGI or VGA.BGI.

Here, initgraph() function initializes the graphics mode and clears the screen. We will study the difference between text mode and graphics mode in detail latter.

InitGraph:
Initializes the graphics system.Declaration:
void far initgraph(int far *graphdriver, int far *graphmode, char far *pathtodriver);Remarks: To start the graphics system, you must first call initgraph.

initgraph initializes the graphics system by loading a graphics driver from disk (or validating a registered driver) then putting the system into graphics mode.

initgraph also resets all graphics settings (color, palette, current position, viewport, etc.) to their defaults, then resets graphresult to 0.
Arguments:

*graphdriver: Integer that specifies the graphics driver to be used. You can give graphdriver a value using a constant of the graphics drivers enumeration type.

*graphmode : Integer that specifies the initial graphics mode (unless *graphdriver = DETECT). If *graphdriver = DETECT, initgraph sets *graphmode to the highest resolution available for the detected driver. You can give *graphmode a value using a constant of the graphics_modes enumeration type.

pathtodriver : Specifies the directory path where initgraph looks for graphics drivers (*.BGI) first.  If they’re not there, initgraph looks in the current directory.  If pathtodriver is null, the driver files must be in the current directory.  This is also the path settextstyle searches for the stroked character font files (*.CHR).

closegraph() function switches back the screen from graphcs mode to text mode. It clears the screen also. A graphics program should have a closegraph function at the end of graphics. Otherwise DOS screen will not go to text mode after running the program. Here, closegraph() is called after getch() since screen should not clear until user hits a key.

If you have the BGI file in the same folder of your program, you can just leave it as “” only. you need not mention *graphmode if you give *graphdriver as DETECT.

In graphics mode, all the screen co-ordinates are mentioned in terms of pixels. Number of pixels in the screen decides resolution of the screen. In the example 1.0,  circle is drawn with x-coordinate of the center 200, y-coordinate 100 and radius 150 pixels. All the coordinates are mentioned with respect to top-left corner of the screen.

Basic Shapes and Colors:

Now let us write a program to draw some basic shapes.

 

Here is the screenshot of output:

Here, circle() function takes x, y coordinates of the circle with respect to left top of the screen and radius of the circle in terms of pixels as arguments. Note that, in graphics, almost all the screen parameters are measured in terms of pixels.

Function outtextxy() displays a string in graphical mode. You can use different fonts, text sizes, alignments, colors and directions of the text that we will study later. Parameters passed are x and y coordinates of the position on the screen where text is to be displayed. There is another function outtext() that displayes a text in the current position. Current position is the place where last drawing is ended. These functions are declared as follows:

void far outtextxy(int x, int y, char *text);
void far outtext(char *text);

Circle, arc, pieslice are declared as follows:

Declaration:

  •  void far arc(int x, int y, int stangle, int endangle, int radius);
  •  void far circle(int x, int y, int radius);
  •  void far pieslice(int x, int y, int stangle, int endangle, int radius);

Remarks:

  • arc draws a circular arc in the current drawing color.
  • circle draws a circle in the current drawing color.
  • pieslice draws a pie slice in the current drawing color, then fills it using
    the current fill pattern and fill color.

Arguments:

  • (x,y): Center point of arc, circlew, or pie slice
  • stangle: Start angle in degrees
  • endangle: End angle in degrees
  • radius: Radius of arc, circle, and pieslice

Here, stangle and endangle are in degrees starting from the +ve x-axis in the polar coordinate system in the anti-clockwise direction. if stangle is 0, endangle is 360, it will draw a full circle. Refer this figure for clear idea: For the details of current color, fill color and fill patterns, refer the sections Lines and Colors.

Another basic shape that we come across is a rectangle. To draw a border, use rectangle with the coordinates of outline, to draw a square use rectangle with same height and width. drawpoly() and fillpoly() are two functions useful to draw any polygons. To use these functions, store the coordinates of the shape in an array and pass the address of array as an argument to the function. By looking at the output of the previous program, you can understand what drawpoly is. fillpoly is similar except that it fills in the shape with current fill color.

Declaration:

  • void far rectangle(int left, int top, int right, int bottom);
  • void far drawpoly(int numpoints, int far *polypoints);
  • void far fillpoly(int numpoints, int far *polypoints);

Remarks:

  • rectangle draws a rectangle in the current line style, thickness, and drawing color.
  • drawpoly draws a polygon using the current line style and color.
  • fillpoly draws the outline of a polygon using the current line style and color, then fills the polygon using the current fill pattern and fill color.

Arguments: 

  • (left,top) is the upper left corner of the rectangle, and (right,bottom) is its lower right corner.
  •  numpoints:  Specifies number of points
  • *polypoints: Points to a sequence of (numpoints x 2) integers. Each pair of integers gives the x and y coordinates of a point on the polygon.

To draw a closed polygon with N points, numpoints should be N+1 and the array polypoints[] should contain 2(N+1) integers with first 2 integers equal to last 2 integers.

Let us study more about shapes latter. Here is some idea about colors. There are 16 colors declared in graphics.h as listed bellow.

BLACK:                  0
BLUE:                     1
GREEN:                  2
CYAN:                       3
RED:                          4
MAGENTA:              5
BROWN:                   6
LIGHTGRAY:           7
DARKGRAY:            8
LIGHTBLUE:            9
LIGHTGREEN:        10
LIGHTCYAN:          11
LIGHTRED:             12
LIGHTMAGENTA: 13
YELLOW:                14
WHITE:                    15

To use these colors, use functions setcolor(), setbkcolor() and setfillstyle(). setcolor() function sets the current drawing color. If we use setcolor(RED); and draw any shape, line or text after that, the drawing will be in red color. You can either use color as defined above or number like setcolor(4);. setbkcolor() sets background color for drawing. Setfillstyle sets fill pattern and fill colors. After calling setfillstyle, if we use functions like floodfill, fillpoly, bar etc, shpes will be filled with fill color and pattern set using setfillstyle. These function declarations are as follows.

Declaration:

  •  void far setfillstyle(int pattern, int color);
  • void far setcolor(int color);
  • void far setbkcolor(int color);

Remarks:

  • setfillstyle sets the current fill pattern and fill color.
  • setcolor sets the current drawing color to color, which can range from 0 to getmaxcolor.
  • setbkcolor sets the background to the color specified by color.

The parameter pattern in setfillstyle is as follows:

 Names Value Means  Fill With…
EMPTY_FILL 0 Background color
SOLID_FILL 1 Solid fill
LINE_FILL 2
LTSLASH_FILL 3 ///
SLASH_FILL 4 ///, thick lines
BKSLASH_FILL 5 \\\, thick lines
LTBKSLASH_FILL 6  \\\
HATCH_FILL 7 Light hatch
XHATCH_FILL 8 Heavy crosshatch
INTERLEAVE_FILL 9 Interleaving lines
WIDE_DOT_FILL 10 Widely spaced dots
CLOSE_DOT_FILL 11 Closely spaced dots
USER_FILL 12 User-defined fill pattern

Here is an example program with colors, pixels, bar, cleardevice etc. stdlib.h is used for random number generation. We have a function random(no), it returns a random number between 0 an no. The effect is by drawing random radius, random color circles with same center and random pixels. kbhit() function(defined in conio.h) returns a nonzero value when a key is pressed in the keyboard. So, the loop will continue until a key is pressed.

Thank you for reading!

1 2 3 4 52